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azimian J, soleimany M A, pahlevan Sharif S, Banihashemi H. The effect of spiritual care program on death anxiety of cardiac patients: Randomized controlled trial. Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2017; 25 (5)
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1691-en.html

1- assistant professor Assistant professor, department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- assistant professor Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
3- assistant professor Taylor's Business School, Taylor's University Selangor, Malaysia.
4- Master of science department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , hbanihashemi84@gmail.com
Abstract:   (915 Views)

Background: Cardiovascular disease is one of the most common chronic diseases in Iran and the World. Studies show that death anxiety is common among cardiac patients. There are several studies related to the effect of pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods in reducing the psychological outcomes in cardiac patients. Spiritual care program can be mentioned as one of the non-pharmacological and less known method in present era. The present study aimed to identify the effect of spiritual care program on death anxiety of cardiac patients.

Methods: This study was a Randomized clinical Trial. 100 cardiac patients hospitalized in cardiac intensive care unit of Shahid Modarres Hospital in Tehran were participated in this study by using the available sampling method, from Dec 2015 to Apr 2016. The patients were randomly assigned to control group (receiving routine care) and intervention group (receiving spiritual care). The 15th items’ Templer Death Anxiety Scale was completed for the patients by the researcher before and after the intervention. The spiritual care was done during the 3 sequential days (from 17 till 21) for patients of intervention group according to the written program (supportive presence, ritual support and using supportive system) and patient’s desire and needs. Finally, the data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistics like independent t-test, chi square and ANOVA, in SPSS software version 23.

Results: The results of present study showed that there was no significant difference between the distribution of variables in control and intervention group before the intervention. It is not found a significant changes in the rate of death anxiety of control group before (38/56 ± 6/998) and after the intervention (38/96±5/838) (P 0/498) and either in intervention group before (39/96±5/715) and after the intervention (39/90±5/613) (P 0/898).

Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that although the death anxiety of cardiac patients was reduced after the implementation of spiritual care, this reduction statistically was not significant.

     
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2017/03/9 | Accepted: 2017/05/8 | Published: 2017/07/17

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