Volume 25, Number 1 (4-2017)                   Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Fac 2017, 25(1): 44-51 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.21859/nmj-25016

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karampourian A, ghomian Z, jahangiri K, Karkhanei B. Effect the Education of Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) on Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Satisfaction in Red Crescent Rescuers of Hamadan. Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2017; 25 (1) :44-51
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1560-en.html

1- PhD student Department of Health, Safety and environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor Department of Health, Safety and environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , zghomian@gmail.com
3- Associate Professor Department of Health, Safety and environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1155 Views)

Introduction: One of the problems in disaster management is Mass Casualty Incident
(MCI). Red Crescent is one of the most important organizations during and after accidents.
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of education of MCI on
knowledge, attitude, practice and satisfaction of Red Crescent Rescuers in Hamadan.
Methods: First, Red Crescent officials of Hamadan were interviewed. According to their
views, MCI, as the most important challenge, was considered. This was a semi-experimental
single group study and data gathering tools included questionnaires (consisted of
three sections of personal characteristics, determination of knowledge and attitude) and
check-lists for assessing practice. Content validity was used to determine the tools validity.
Test-retest, Cronbach’s Alpha (0.92), inter-rater methods and simultaneous observation of
two observers were used to determine scientific reliability of questionnaires and checklist,
respectively. The study population comprised of all rescuers of Red Crescent. Available or
purposeful sampling was done and 40 individuals participated in this study. Knowledge,
attitudes and practice were assessed before and after the workshop. Data were statistically
analyzed by the SPSS software version 15 and paired t test.
Results: All participants in this study were single males, (50%) in the age group of 18 to 23
years (50%) with bachelor's degree (75%). Average score of knowledge before education
was 5.4 ± 0.4 and after education this was 11.2 ± 1.3; average score of attitude before education
was 6.1 ± 0.6 and after education this was 21.2 ± 3.5, and average score of practice
before education was 2.5 ± 0.3 and after education this was 7.2 ±0.5. Average satisfaction
with the workshop was 52.6 ± 5.6 (P > 0.001).
Conclusions: Since knowledge, attitude and practice of rescuers increased after training
thus this study recommends it to be used in other fields.

Full-Text [PDF 250 kb]   (332 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2016/06/21 | Accepted: 2016/08/25 | Published: 2017/02/18

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