Volume 27, Issue 4 (10-2019)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery care 2019, 27(4): 242-249 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.30699/ajnmc.27.4.242


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- Instructor, Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- MSc, Department of Nursing School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Department of Biostatistic, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (3890 Views)

Introduction: A mentally retarded child puts burden and responsibility on their family, especially the mother, and disturbs her general health. Since spiritual wellbeing is one of the most important sociocultural factors related to health, this study aimed to determine the correlation between spiritual health and public health among mothers of mentally disabled children in Hamadan.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was a correlation study on 165 mothers with mentally disabled children who were studying at special schools in Hamadan in spring of 2017 who were selected using available sampling method. Data were collected by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Spiritual Well Being (SWB), and demographic Questionnaire that were completed by mothers on the presence of a researcher. SPSS 23 software was used to analyze the data and descriptive and correlation tests were used.
Results: The results of this study showed that the mean age of mothers was 37.3 ± 6.3. The gender of mentally disabled children was 52.7% male and 47.3% female. 10% of mothers reported health disorders, as well as the spiritual level of the majority of mothers was moderate (63%). There was a significant relationship between spiritual health and public health (P <0/05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that there is a revers relationship between spiritual health and health disorders, so that the promotion of spiritual health will promote public health and reduce health disorders, including anxiety among mothers. Given the important role of mothers in the care for their children, the design of educational programs aimed at improving the health of mothers should be a priority.

Full-Text [PDF 678 kb]   (44 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (16 Views)  

Given the important role of mothers in the care for their children, the design of educational programs aimed at improving the health of mothers should be a priority.


Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2017/10/3 | Accepted: 2017/11/22 | Published: 2018/01/21

References
1. Wu SY, Li HY, Tian J, Zhu W, Li J, Wang XR. Healthrelated quality of life and its main related factors among nurses in China. Ind Health. 2011;49(2):158-65. [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.MS1160] [PMID] [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.MS1160] [PMID]
2. Rahmani F, Behshid M, Zamanzadeh V, Rahmani F. Relationship between general health, occupational stress and burnout in critical care nurses of Tabriz teaching hospitals. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2010 Oct;23(66):54-63.
3. Jenaabadi H, Sabegi F. Relationship between attachment to God and meaningful life parents of mentally retarded children in Zahedan city. TB. 2014; 13(2): 99-112.
4. Noorbala AA, Mohammad K. The validation of general health questionnaire-28 as a psychiatric screening tool. Hakim Research Journal. 2009 Jan 15;11(4):47-53.
5. Dastgheib Z, Gharlipour Z, Ghobadi Dashdebi K, Hoseini F, R V. Association of between mental health and spiritual health among students in Shiraz University. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences & Health Services. 1392;24(84):53-9.
6. Kamali M, Chabok A, Ashayeri H. Evaluating validity and reliability of Persian version of Supports Intensity Scale in adults with intellectual disability. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci). 2013 Dec 1;17(9):555-62.
7. Hossein dokht A, ashtiani F, Taghi zade M. Relation between spiritual intelligence and spiritual well-being and quality of marital satisfaction. Psychology of Religion J. 2013;6(2):57-74.
8. Algood CL, Harris C, Hong JS. Parenting success and challenges for families of children with disabilities: An ecological systems analysis. Journal of Human Behavior in the social environment. 2013 Feb 1;23(2):126-36. [DOI:10.1080/10911359.2012.747408] [DOI:10.1080/10911359.2012.747408]
9. Mitchell DB, Hauser-Cram P. The well-being of mothers of adolescents with developmental disabilities in relation to medical care utilization and satisfaction with health care. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2008 Mar 1;29(2):97-112. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2006.12.002] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2006.12.002] [PMID]
10. Krmanshahi M, Vanaki Z, Ahmadi F, Azad falah p. Experiences of mothers with mentally retarded childrens. Jehabilitation J. 2006;7(3):26-33.
11. Stanhope M, Lancaster J. Public health nursing-e-book: Population-centered health care in the community. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2015 Sep 16.
12. Zumsteg JM, Ennis SK, Jaffe KM, Mangione-Smith R, MacKenzie EJ, Rivara FP, National Expert Panel for the Development of Pediatric Rehabilitation Quality of Care Indicators. Quality of care indicators for the structure and organization of inpatient rehabilitation care of children with traumatic brain injury. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2012 Mar 1;93(3):386-93. [DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2011.08.018] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2011.08.018] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Moosavy Khatat M, Soleimani M, Abdi K. Comparison of Cognitive, Psychological and Social Characteristics, between Parents who have more than One exceptional child with parents of normal child. Journal of Rehabilitation. 2011 Nov 15;12(3):53-64.
14. Goldberg DP, Hillier VF. A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychological medicine. 1979 Feb;9(1):139-45. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291700021644] [PMID] [DOI:10.1017/S0033291700021644] [PMID]
15. Noorbala AA, Mohammad K. The validation of general health questionnaire-28 as a psychiatric screening tool. Hakim Research Journal. 2009 Jan 15;11(4):47-53.
16. Ellison CW. Spiritual well-being: Conceptualization and measurement. Journal of psychology and theology. 1983 Dec;11(4):330-8. [DOI:10.1177/009164718301100406] [DOI:10.1177/009164718301100406]
17. Farahaninia M, Abbasi M, Givari A, Haghani H. Nursing students' spiritual well-being and their perspectives towards spirituality and spiritual care perspectives. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2006 Jan;18(44):7-14.
18. Yektakhah S, Gorji R, Allameh M. General health and quality of life of mothers with autism child. Journal of Exceptional Education. 2014;1(123):13-9.
19. Mohajeri S, Yaghmaei F, Mehrabi Y, R GGA. Health status of mothers of children with special needs. Iranian Journal of Rehabilitation Research in Nursing. 2015;2(1):12-22.
20. McConnell D, Llewellyn G. Health of mothers of school‐age children with disabilities. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health. 2006 Dec;30(6):572-4. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-842X.2006.tb00789.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-842X.2006.tb00789.x] [PMID]
21. Vafaei Fooladi A, Rassouli M, Yaghmaie F, Shakeri N. Assessing correlation between spiritual wellbeing and stress of mothers of hospitalized newborns in neonatal intensive care units. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2015 Aug;28(95):54-62. [DOI:10.29252/ijn.28.95.54] [DOI:10.29252/ijn.28.95.54]
22. Hosseini R. Alijanpour agamaleki M, Mehrabi T, Ziraki dana A, Dadkhah A.[The relationship between existential dimension of spiritual well-being and quality of life in women with infertility]. Health Care J. 2014;16(3):53-60.
23. Narimani M, Rostami M. Role of Religious attitudes, Spiritual Well-Being and social support in predicting the life satisfaction in mothers of mental retardation children. Islam And Health Journal. 2014 Dec 15;1(3):41-9.
24. Roy NM, Sreenath K. Spiritual Well-Being and Parenting Stress in Caring for Children with Neuro-Developmental Disorders. www.ijhssi.org.2017; 6(1): 17-23.
25. Khadem H, Mozafari M, Yousefi A, Hashemabad BG. The relationship between spiritual health and mental health in students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Medical History Journal. 2016 Oct 26;7(25):33-50.
26. Kashani Farah, Shahram V, Arjmand Sogand, Mosavi Mehdi, Mojgan H. The 30. Effect of Spiritual Intervention on Decrease of Distress levels in Mothers of Children with Cancer. Journal of Medical Ethics. 2012;6(20):173-86.
27. Akbari F, Yazd khasti F, F Sn. The Effectiveness of Teaching Spirituality on Propagation and General Health of Mothers of Children with Disabilities. Psychology of Exceptional Persons J. 2015;5(17):169-86 .
28. Lee JI, Im ML. Spiritual Nursing Education, Spiritual Well-Being and Mental Health in Nursing Students. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016;9(46). 0974-5645