Volume 20, Issue 3 (12-2012)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2012, 20(3): 58-68 | Back to browse issues page

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E. Baljani, M.Sc., Zh. Rahimi, M.Sc., Sh. Heidari, M.Sc., A. Azimpour, M.Sc.. The Effect of Self Management Interventions on Medication Adherence and Life Style in Cardiovascular Patients. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2012; 20 (3) :58-68
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1124-en.html
Abstract:   (13581 Views)
Introduction & Objective:Cardiovascular diseasehas been themost commoncause of deathandmajorcauseofdisabilityinmost countriesand itseems that modifying lifestyle and adhering to medication regimen is essential in these patients. The purpose ofthis studywastoassess the impactof self managementinterventionsonlifestylemodificationandmedicationadherenceincardiovascular patients.
Materials & Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental research and 86 patients with cardiovascular disease participated in the study. The samples were selected by convenience sampling  in two-stage before and 6 months after the intervention and randomly were held in two groups of case and control. The case group received self management interventions related to healthy lifestyle and long-term medication adherence while the control group received routine interventions of the hospital.Data collecting device was a questionnaire containing questions about demographic information, adherence to the medication regimen and lifestyle. Data was entered and analysed by descriptive statistical tests, paired samples and independent samples t- test using SPSS software version 16.
Results:Independent t- test showed that after the intervention, there was a significant difference in the mean scores of adherence to medication regimen (p<0.05) and choosing low-fat diet(p <0.05) in the control and case groups.
Conclusion:The results of this study showed that using self-management interventions can be helpful in adhering to medicationregimen and changing lifestyle in choosing low fat diet. In patients with cardiovascular diseases whom specialists have desired long-term lifestyle changes, self management is in effective measure that increases their control over their condition.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nursing
Accepted: 2016/02/14 | Published: 2016/02/14

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