Volume 29, Issue 3 (Summer 2021)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2021, 29(3): 256-263 | Back to browse issues page

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Sabetsarvestani P, Rahnavard S, Hatami M, Bijani M, Nikrooz L. Investigating the Demographic Characteristics, Clinical Signs, Radiological and Laboratory Findings in Pregnant Women with COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southern Iran. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2021; 29 (3) :256-263
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2233-en.html
1- Instructor, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences Fasa, Iran
2- Student Research Committee, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences Fasa, Iran , bizhani _mostafa @yahoo.com
4- Associate Professor, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences Fasa, Iran
Abstract:   (3162 Views)

Background and Objective: Pregnant women are one of the vulnerable groups against COVID-19. Understanding the affected population characteristics helps to identify risk factors and set more effective treatment goals; in this regard, the present study tries to review demographic characteristics, clinical signs, radiological and laboratory findings in pregnant women with COVID-19 in southern Iran.
Material and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 30 pregnant women with COVID-19 who were selected from teaching hospitals in Fasa, Jahrom, and Shiraz in Fars province. Sampling was done through the convenience method from March to July 2020. A researcher-made checklist was applied to gather the required data which were analyzed using SPSS 22 software and descriptive statistics.
Results: The mean age of patients was 28.30±9.96 years. Of patients, 60% were in the first trimester of pregnancy. The average length of stay in a hospital was 8.47±4.37 days. Fever (46/66 %) was the most common clinical finding, increased C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (50%) was the most common laboratory finding, and Ground Glossy Opacity (GGO) (56/66 %) was the most common radiological finding in both lungs. Of pregnant women, 80% with COVID-19 had an underlying disease. The most common underlying diseases were 36.66% for asthma and 20% for diabetes. Of normal deliveries, 53.33% and 3.33% of neonatal and maternal deaths were reported.
Conclusion: The most common time for COVID-19 in pregnant women was reported in the first trimester of pregnancy with clinical signs of fever and a history of asthma and diabetes. Therefore, the findings of this study highlight the importance of paying attention to pregnant women as one of the most at-risk groups in the COVID-19 pandemic. Health policy makers can use the findings of this study and the reported outcomes to develop appropriate health protocols for health care of pregnant women in the COVID-19 pandemic.

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✅ According to the results, prolonged stay in an intensive care unit, the elderly, and polypharmacy are the main important factors associated with the occurrence of drug-drug interactions. These results indicate the importance of paying more attention to the monitoring and control of prescribed drugs in these patients.

Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Midwifery
Received: 2020/09/9 | Accepted: 2020/11/23 | Published: 2021/09/21

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