Volume 26, Issue 5 (12-2018)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery care 2018, 26(5): 333-340 | Back to browse issues page


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Shariat Moghani1 S, Simbar M, Rashidi Fakari2 F, Ghasemi V, Dolatian M, Golmakani N et al . The Relationship Between Stress, Anxiety and Depression With Menopausal Women Experiences. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery care. 2018; 26 (5) :333-340
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1774-en.html
1- Faculty Member, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Professor, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , simbarm@gmail.com
3- PhD Student of Reproductive Health, Students Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
6- Department of Biostatistics, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3311 Views)
Introduction: Women spend more than a third of their lives in menopause and estrogen deficiency. These neuroendocrine changes affect the woman’s sense of health and mental health through the loss of fertility and menstrual function. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the association between anxiety, stress and depression with women’s experiences in menopause.
Method: This was a descriptive-correlation study conducted on 250 postmenopausal women who met the inclusion criteria in 2016 in Mashhad. A convenience quota sampling method was used. The data gathering tool was a demographic questionnaire, DASS21, measuring the experiences of menopause women. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 16 software by Pearson correlation coefficient and regression model at a significant level of 0.05.
Results: The mean age of menopause was 48 ± 4.56 years. The mean and standard deviation of anxiety score, stress and depression in postmenopausal women were 5.43 ± 4.8, 4.37 ± 7.7 and 4.33 ± 5.35, respectively. The mean total score of menopausal experiences was 33.5%. Pearson correlation showed a direct and significant association between stress, anxiety and depression score with the experiences of women in menopause (P = 0.001, r = 0.68).
Conclusion: with increasing the scores of depression, anxiety and stress, the score of women’s experiences in menopause increased. Therefore, these changes require counseling and supportive program to improve adaptation to menopausal psychosocial changes.
 
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Midwifery
Received: 2017/07/31 | Accepted: 2017/11/7 | Published: 2018/03/16

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