Volume 27, Issue 5 (3-2019)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2019, 27(5): 306-314 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadeghi A, Kokabi S, oshvandi K, Tapak L. The Effect of Self-care Education on knowledge and Attitude in Patients with Asthma: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care. 2019; 27 (5) :306-314
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2005-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric Nursing and Mental Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- MSc, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , kokabiam.s@gmail.com
3- Maternal and Child Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (4411 Views)

Introduction: Asthma is one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases and one of the major problems in health systems in many societies around the world including Iran. Self-care is one of the most important factors in raising the awareness and attitude of individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-care education on knowledge and attitude of patients with asthma.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 104 patients with asthma were selected by available sampling method and randomly divided into two groups (n=52) and control (n=52). Both groups filled the questionnaire of awareness and attitude before the intervention. The self-care group was trained in four sessions of 60 minutes. The questionnaire was filled again this time by both groups, 8 weeks after the intervention.  and the data was analyzed using SPSS 16, descriptive statistics, independent t-test and paired t-test at 95% confidence interval.
Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference between the mean and standard deviation of knowledge and attitude scores before and after self-care education (P> 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between the mean and standard deviation of the knowledge and attitude of the experimental and control groups after the training (P<0.05). The results showed that the knowledge and attitude of the experimental group significantly improved after the intervention.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that self-care education is effective on knowledge and attitude in asthmatic patients. Therefore, considering the high prevalence of this disease and its economic and social burden, self-care education is recommended to improve the knowledge and attitude of asthmatic patients.

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 The results of this study showed that self-care education is effective on knowledge and attitude in asthmatic patients. Therefore, considering the high prevalence of this disease and its economic and social burden, self-care education is recommended to improve the knowledge and attitude of asthmatic patients.


Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2019/02/3 | Accepted: 2019/08/17 | Published: 2019/08/28

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