Volume 29, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2021, 29(2): 146-159 | Back to browse issues page


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Kashani Lotfabadi M, Aboozarian S S, Farnosh M, Mohammadi A, Hashemi B M, Salarhaji A. The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy on Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety in Women with Chronic Schizophrenia Admitted to Hejazi Hospital in Mashhad. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care. 2021; 29 (2) :146-159
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2231-en.html
1- Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Ibn-Sina psychiatric Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Msc in Psychology, Payam Noor University of Garmsar, Garmsar, Iran , Sara.Aboozarian@gmail.com
3- Msc in Counseling, Islamic Azad University of Quchan, Quchan, Iran
4- MSc in Psychiatric Nursing, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Ibne-Sina psychiatric Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5- Ms in Islamic Psychology, Payam Noor University of Gonabad, Gonabad, Iran
6- PhD Student in Nursing, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (2198 Views)

Introduction: Considering the negative effects of depressive symptoms and anxiety on the course of schizophrenia, it seems that the combination of cognitive-behavioral group therapy with self-care skills can increase the effectiveness of this treatment in reducing the distress of patients with chronic schizophrenia. Therefore, a study was designed and conducted to determine the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy group of self-care skills on the symptoms of anxiety and depression in women with chronic schizophrenia.
Method: This randomized controlled clinical trial was performed on 30 women with chronic schizophrenia admitted to Hejazi Psychiatric Hospital in Mashhad. The intervention group (n = 15) underwent cognitive-behavioral therapy group of self-care skills during 10 sessions of one and a half hours and the control group (n = 15) received a routine care. The data collection tool was the Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scale which was completed in three stages. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and independent t-test.
Results: There was a significant decrease between the intervention and control groups in terms of changes in mean anxiety before and after the intervention (P<0.001) but in terms of changes in mean anxiety before and six months after the intervention and changes in mean depression during the stages there was no significant difference (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Cognitive-behavioral group therapy can be effective in reducing anxiety symptoms, but to increase the duration of its effect, the duration of sessions should be increased.

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✅ Cognitive-behavioral group therapy can be effective in reducing anxiety symptoms, but to increase the duration of its effect, the duration of sessions should be increased.


Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2020/09/7 | Accepted: 2020/09/24 | Published: 2020/11/28

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