Volume 30, Issue 3 (Summer 2022)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2022, 30(3): 171-180 | Back to browse issues page


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Ansari R, Sadeghi N, Moghimian M. Relationship of Patient Safety Culture with Social Intelligence and Psychosocial Factors in the Workplace among Nurses Working in the Pediatric Wards of West Guilan Hospitals, Iran, 2020. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2022; 30 (3) :171-180
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2422-en.html
1- Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan)Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan)Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , n45sadeghi@yahoo.com
3- Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
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 Background and Objective
Safety culture reflects the values and attitudes of managers and employees regarding risk management and safety. An organization has a safety culture that accepts the high-risk nature of health care and service activities and provides conditions for people to report medical errors and near misses freely and without fear of punishment. Nursing is one of the most important professions in health environments, and the quality of nursing services directly affects the efficiency of the healthcare system. One of the perceptual characteristics of the work environment is the psycho-social factors of work. Social intelligence is also a set of non-cognitive capacities, abilities, and skills that affect an individual's ability to succeed and cope with environmental pressures. Considering that the background and context of the nursing work environment facilitate or hinder professional activity and since the establishment of a favorable workplace is the concern of managers and researchers, this study aimed to investigate the relationship of patient safety culture with social intelligence and psychosocial factors in the workplace among nurses working in the pediatric wards of West Gilan hospitals, Iran, in 2020.
Materials and Methods
This descriptive-correlational cross-sectional study was conducted on 130 nurses working in the pediatric wards of West Gilan hospitals. The inclusion criteria were having at least 6 months of work experience; being willing to participate in the research; having at least a bachelor's degree in nursing; working as a government, contractual, or planned-based employee; working in the fixed morning, fixed evening, fixed night, and rotation shifts; and caring patient directly. On the other hand, the exclusion criteria were not participating in psychological courses in the last 6 months, during the study. The tools used to collect the required data in this study included Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture, Social Intelligence Questionnaire (Silura et al., 2001), and the Psychosocial Factors Questionnaire (Christensen et al., 2005). Finally, the collected data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 23) using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results
The findings showed that patient safety culture had a correlation with social intelligence and psychosocial factors. Based on the coefficient of determination, 57.2% and 77.1% of the variance of patient safety culture was shared with social intelligence and psychosocial factors, respectively. The mean patient safety culture in nurses working in the pediatric wards was obtained at 2.76; therefore, the culture of patient safety was lower than the average level in the participants. The mean social intelligence of the subjects was estimated at 3.82, showing that the social intelligence of nurses working in the pediatric wards was higher than the average level. The mean of psychosocial factors was found to be 2.41, which indicated that psychosocial factors in nurses were at an average level.
 Conclusion 
The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship of patient safety culture with social intelligence and psychosocial factors in the workplace among nurses working in the pediatric wards of West Gilan hospitals in 2020. Based on the findings, it can be said that patient safety culture had a positive relationship with social intelligence and psychosocial factors in the workplace among nurses working in the pediatric wards of West Gilan hospitals in 2020. The results of the research showed that the culture of patient safety in nurses working in the pediatric ward was lower than the average level, social intelligence was higher than the average level, and psychosocial factors were at the average level.
 
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2022/02/3 | Accepted: 2022/06/29 | Published: 2022/09/5

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