Volume 26, Issue 6 (2-2019)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery care 2019, 26(6): 416-427 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Azizi A, Oshvandi K, Farhahian M, Lashani A. The Effect of Inhalation Aromatherapy with Lavender Essence on Pain Intensity and Anxiety in Burn Patients: A Clinical Randomized Trial. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery care. 2019; 26 (6) :416-427
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1911-en.html
1- Department of Medical Surgical, Malayer School of Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Department of Medical Surgical, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , lashani.uni@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1721 Views)
Introduction: Pain is one of the common problems in burn patients. Inhalation aromatherapy is one of the nurses' methods for pain management. However, there is not much information available about the effect of these methods on pain in burn patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of inhalation aromatherapy with Lavender essence on the pain intensity in burn patients.
 
Methods: The present study was a single-blind, three-group clinical trial. The research population consisted of patients with burns in one of Hamadan hospitals. One hundred and twenty patients were selected using convenience sampling and randomly assigned into three groups of lavender, placebo and control groups. The intervention included inhalation of 10 drops of lavender extract in the examiation group, 10 drops of distilled water in the placebo group, for one hour before wound dressing, and routine care in the control group. Pain in patients was evaluated before, immediately after intervention (before dressing), and after dressing using a visual analogue scale. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21 and one-way and repeated measures ANOVA with significant level of P<0.05.
 
Results: Demographic variables were similar in all three groups. There was a significant difference between the mean pain intensity in the groups after intervention (P<0.05), which was significant between the lavender group with placebo and control group (P<0.05). There was not a statistically significant difference between the control and placebo groups (P=0/443).
 
Conclusion: The use of lavender aroma can reduce short-term pain of burn patients. Therefore, the use of lavender aroma is recommended in short term pain by medical staff and nurses.
Full-Text [PDF 875 kb]   (900 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2018/08/9 | Accepted: 2018/09/1 | Published: 2019/01/21

References
1. Burning Research Center of Iran University of Medical Sciences. Burning in Iran Tehran: Iran University of Medical Sciences; 2015 [cited 2017 22 November]. Available from: http://brc.iums.ac.ir/.
2. Ministry of Health and Medical Education (Iran). Statistics burn in Iran Tehran2016 [cited 2016 10 Octobr]. Available from: http://www.behdasht.gov.ir/index.jsp?fkeyid=&siteid=1&pageid=177 .
3. Apay SE, Arslan S, Akpinar RB, Celebioglu A. Effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea in Turkish students. Pain Manag Nurs. 2012;13(4):236-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.pmn.2010.04.002] [PMID]
4. Rhiner M, Palos G, Termini M. Managing breakthrough pain. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2004;8(1):507-12. [DOI:10.1188/04.CJON.507-512] [PMID]
5. Fonseca ADG, Reis SSS, Silva SM, Amaro FÉL, de Oliveira Neta AI, Bauman CD, et al. Nursing care in burn patients. Unimontes Científica. 2017:146-54.
6. Kanani M, Mazloum S, Emami A, Mokhber N. The effect of aromatherapy with orange essential oils on anxiety in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Journal Of Sabzevar University Of Medical Sciences. 2012;19(3):249-57.
7. Bahraini S, Naji A, Mannani R. Effects of Aromatherapy and Its Application. Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty. 2011;9:1-8.
8. Montazeri A, Sajadian A, Ebrahimi M, Haghighat S, Harirchi I. Factors predicting the use of complementary and alternative therapies among cancer patients in Iran. European Journal of Cancer Care. 2007;16(2):144-9. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2354.2006.00722.x] [PMID]
9. Mashouf S, Aflaki M, Zanjani SE, Mojab F. The Effects of Aromatherapy by Lavender Oil on Agitation and Hemodynamic Parameters in Mechanically Ventilated Patients in ICU. Traditional and Integrative Medicine. 2017;2(3):119-28.
10. O'Flaherty L-A, van Dijk M, Albertyn R, Millar A, Rode H. Aromatherapy massage seems to enhance relaxation in children with burns: an observational pilot study. Burns. 2012;38(6):840-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2012.01.007] [PMID]
11. Rizvi A, Mishra A. Psychoneuroimmunology on herbal drugs: an overview. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2015;8(3):4-7.
12. Lindquist R, Snyder M, Tracy MF. Complementary & alternative therapies in nursing: Springer Publishing Company; 2013. [DOI:10.1891/9780826196347]
13. Lakhan SE, Sheafer H, Tepper D. The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in Reducing Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Pain research and treatment. 2016;2016.
14. Soltani R, Soheilipour S, Hajhashemi V, Asghari G, Bagheri M, Molavi M. Evaluation of the effect of aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on post-tonsillectomy pain in pediatric patients: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;77(9):1579-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.07.014] [PMID]
15. Thomas DV. Aromatherapy: mythical, magical, or medicinal? Holist Nurs Pract. 2002;16(5):8-16. [DOI:10.1097/00004650-200210000-00005] [PMID]
16. Najafi Z, Taghadosi M, Sharifi K, Farrokhian A, Tagharrobi Z. The effects of inhalation aromatherapy on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction: a randomized clinical trial. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014;16(8):e15485. [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.15485] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Candan F, Unlu M, Tepe B, Daferera D, Polissiou M, Sökmen A, et al. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium Afan.(Asteraceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;87(2):215-20. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-8741(03)00149-1]
18. Atsumi T, Tonosaki K. Smelling lavender and rosemary increases free radical scavenging activity and decreases cortisol level in saliva. Psychiatry Res. 2007;150(1):89-96. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2005.12.012] [PMID]
19. Taab M, Joyami EN, Kia MS, Sayadi F. Investigate the relationship between personality type myers-briggs (mbti) with willingness to purchase, image, product knowledge and customer obsessed. Journal of Social Issues & Humanities. 2015;3(9):136-40.
20. Vakilian K, Atarha M, Bekhradi R, Chaman R. Healing advantages of lavender essential oil during episiotomy recovery: a clinical trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2011;17(1):50-3. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.05.006] [PMID]
21. Sheikhan F, Jahdi F, Khoei EM, Shamsalizadeh N, Sheikhan M, Haghani H. Episiotomy pain relief: Use of Lavender oil essence in primiparous Iranian women. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2012;18(1):66-70. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2011.02.003] [PMID]
22. Pirak A, Salehian T, Yazdkhasti M, Didehvar M, Arzani A. The effect of lavender essence on labor pain and length of delivery time in nulliparous women. 2015.
23. Lamadah SM, Nomani I. The effect of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil on the level of pain and anxiety during labour among primigravida women. Am J Nurs Sci. 2016;5(2):37-44. [DOI:10.11648/j.ajns.20160502.11]
24. Janula Raju MS. Effectiveness of aromatherapy in reducing labour pain and duration of labour among primigravidas: a pilot study. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research (IJHSR). 2014;4(2):124-8.
25. Seyyed-Rasooli A, Salehi F, Mohammadpoorasl A, Goljaryan S, Seyyedi Z, Thomson B. Comparing the effects of aromatherapy massage and inhalation aromatherapy on anxiety and pain in burn patients: A single-blind randomized clinical trial. Burns. 2016;42(8):1774-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2016.06.014] [PMID]
26. Öster C, Kildal M, Ekselius L. Return to work after burn injury: burn-injured individuals' perception of barriers and facilitators. Journal of Burn Care & Research. 2010;31(4):540-50. [DOI:10.1097/BCR.0b013e3181e4d692] [PMID]
27. Kim JT, Wajda M, Cuff G, Serota D, Schlame M, Axelrod DM, et al. Evaluation of aromatherapy in treating postoperative pain: pilot study. Pain Practice. 2006;6(4):273-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1533-2500.2006.00095.x] [PMID]
28. Dehghani K, Dehghani H, Najari Z. Effect of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin Injection Duration on Site-Pain Intensity in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Hospitalized in CCU Afshar Hospital, Yazd, 2011. SSU_Journals. 2012;20(4):517-23.
29. Boonstra AM, Preuper HRS, Reneman MF, Posthumus JB, Stewart RE. Reliability and validity of the visual analogue scale for disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Int J Rehabil Res. 2008;31(2):165-69. https://doi.org/10.1097/MRR.0b013e3282fc0fdf [DOI:10.1097/MRR.0b013e3282fc0f93]
30. Bikmoradi A, Harorani M, Roshanaei G, Moradkhani S, Falahinia GH. The effect of inhalation aromatherapy with damask rose (Rosa damascena) essence on the pain intensity after dressing in patients with burns: A clinical randomized trial. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2016;21(3):247. [DOI:10.4103/1735-9066.180380] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Mesri M, Hosseini SM, Heydarifar R, Mirizadeh M, Forozanmeher MJ. Effect of lavender aromatherapy on anxiety and hemodynamic changes: A randomized clinical trial. Quarterly Qom University Of Medical Sciences Journal. 2017;10(12):69-76.
32. Tugut N, Demirel G, Baser M, Ata EE, Karakus S. Effects of lavender scent on patients' anxiety and pain levels during gynecological examination. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017;28:65. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.05.006] [PMID]
33. Karaman T, Karaman S, Dogru S, Tapar H, Sahin A, Suren M, et al. Evaluating the efficacy of lavender aromatherapy on peripheral venous cannulation pain and anxiety: A prospective, randomized study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016;23:64-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.03.008] [PMID]
34. Shahnazi M, Nikjoo R, Yavarikia P, Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi S. Inhaled lavender effect on anxiety and pain caused from intrauterine device insertion. Journal of caring sciences. 2012;1(4):255. [PMID] [PMCID]
35. Nikjou R, Kazemzadeh R, Rostamnegad M, Moshfegi S, Karimollahi M, Salehi H. The effect of lavender aromatherapy on the pain severity of primary dysmenorrhea: A triple-blind randomized clinical trial. Annals of medical and health sciences research. 2016;6(4):211-5. [DOI:10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_527_14] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Avicenna Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Care

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb