Volume 30, Issue 1 (Winter 2022)                   Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2022, 30(1): 72-80 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Famili khalili F, Salehi S. Effect of Implementing Orem Self-Care Model on Health-Promoting Behaviors of Mothers having Children with Leukemia Referring to the Pediatric Ward of Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital in Isfahan City (Iran) in 2021. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care. 2022; 30 (1) :72-80
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2400-en.html
1- MSc of Nursing, Community Health Research Center, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Community Health Research Center, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , sh.salehi@khuisf.ac.ir
Abstract:   (307 Views)
Background and Objective: Leukemia refers to one of the most prevailed childhood malignancies. Mothers are the first caregivers of children with leukemia, experiencing a bunch of challenges in dealing with the numerous problems and duties caused by their children’s illness. This study aimed to determine the effect of implementing the Orem self-care model on health-promoting behaviors of mothers having children with leukemia referring to the pediatric ward of Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital in Isfahan city, Iran, in 2021.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study investigated 32 mothers having children with leukemia referring to the pediatric ward of Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital, who were selected by the available sampling method according to the study’s inclusion criteria. The tools employed to collect the required data were a demographic information form, Walker’s Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile, and a needs assessment based on the Orem model, measured at two stages of before and after the implementation of the Orem self-care model. In accordance with the mothers’ needs, a supportive training program was designed and implemented in-person and individually for a total of 8 h in 4 sessions held once a week. Furthermore, an educational pamphlet was designed and they were provided to the participants. During the intervention, the research samples were communicated by telephone and in-person and were checked about the way of performing and applying the given pieces of training. Any problem in any of the units was solved in case of presence. In the next step, after 1 month of self-care training, the researcher completed the standard Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile again after 1 week. In the end, the collected data were analyzed in SPSS20 statistical software using both descriptive and inferential levels.
Results: The results revealed that in the dimensions of self-fulfillment, accountability, interpersonal support, stress management, exercise, nutrition, and health-promoting index, the mean scores of maternal health-promoting behaviors were significantly higher after implementing the Orem self-care model, compared to the score before implementing the model (P<0.001).
Conclusion: According to the findings, it may be claimed that the implementation of the Orem self-care model affected the health-promoting behaviors of mothers having children with leukemia. Consequently, it is necessary to adopt supportive-educational measures based on the Orem model in the relevant centers according to the mothers’ needs.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 674 kb]   (90 Downloads) |   |   Extended Abstract (HTML)  (18 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2021/11/13 | Accepted: 2022/02/6 | Published: 2022/03/1

References
1. Biabani A, Kermansaravi F, Navidian A, Yaghoubinia F. An investigation into the relationship between care burden and adaptive behaviors of mothers of children with thalassemia. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2020;17(1):47-56
2. Boroumand H, Moshki M, Khajavi A, Darabian M, Hashemizadeh H. Epidemiology of childhood cancer in northeast of iran. SSU. 2017;7(1):9-15.
3. Amereh F, Jahangiri-Rad M, Mazloomi S, Rafiee M. The role of environmental and lifestyle factors in the incidence and prevalence of cancer. JEHE. 2016;4(1):30-42. [DOI]
4. Cunningham RM, Walton MA, Carter PM. The major causes of death in children and adolescents in the united states. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(25):2468-75. [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Santos S, Crespo C, Canvarro MC, Alderfer MA, Kazak AE. Family rituals financial burden and mother’s adjustment in pediatric cancer. J Fam Psychol. 2016;30(8):1008-13. [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Nemati S, Rassouli M, Ilkhani M, Baghestani AR. The spiritual challenge faced by family caregivers of patiants with cancer. A qualitative study. Holist Nurs Pract. 2017;31(2):110-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Shaheen A, Nassar O, Amre H, Hamdan-Mansour A. Factors affecting health-promoting behaviors of university students in jordan. Health. 2015;7(1):1-8. [DOI]
8. Nasrabadi A, Sabzevari S, Bonabi T. Women empowerment through health information seeking: a qualitative study. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2015;3(2):105-15. [PubMed]
9. Heidari Sabet F, Mirza-Hosseini H, Monirpour N. Health promoting behavior model based on spiritual health, social support and mental capital in people with cardiovascular disease. IJCN. 2020;9(1):24-35.
10. Mohammadi I, Tajeri B, Sodager S, Bahrami Heidaji M, Atadokht A. The effect of mentalization-based therapy on the amount of health promoting behaviors in people with coronary heart disease. Shefaye Khatam. 2020;8(3):39-48. [DOI]
11. Mirjalili MR, Mirrezaei A, MazloomyMahmoodabad M, Dehghan HR. Health promoting behaviors in women of reproductive age in yazd city. Toloo-E-Behdasht. 2018;17(4):1-12. [DOI]
12. Baheiraei A, Bakouei F, Mohammadi E, Montazeri A, Hosseni M. The social determinants of health in association with women’s health status of reproductive age: a population-based study. Iran J Public Health. 2015;44(1):119-29. [PubMed]
13. Omatreza S, Moshtagh Eshgh Z, Eshagh M, Hekmatafshar M, Naieni M. Effect of educational program based on “Orem Self Care Model” on quality of life in patients with migraine. J Promot Manag. 2014;3(1):7-13.
14. Mohammadpour A, Rahmati Sharghi N, Khosravan S, Alami A, Akhond M. The effect of a supportive educational intervention developed based on the Orem's self-care theory on the self-care ability of patients with myocardial infarction: a randomised controlled trial. J Clin Nurs. 2015;24(11-12):1686-92. [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Allison SE. Self-Care requirements for activity and rest: an orem nursing focus. Nurs Sci Q. 2007;20(1):68-76. [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Khodaveisi M, Rahmati M, Falahinia G, Karami M. The effects of applying orem’s self-care model on mental aspect of quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care. 2015;23(2):42-51. [DOI]
17. Biabani A, Kermansaravi F, Navidian A, Yaghoubinia F. An investigation into the relationship between care burden and adaptive behaviors of mothers of children with thalassemia. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2020;17(1):47-56.
18. Barani M, Hassani L, Ghanbarnejad A, Molavi MA. Relationship between self-efficacy and caring behavior of mothers of children with cancer. J Prevent Med. 2019;6(1):26-35. [DOI]
19. Walker SN, Sechrist KR, Pender NJ. The health-promoting lifestyle profile: development and psychometric characteristics. Nurs Res. 1987;36(2):76-81. [PubMed]
20. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Pakpour Hajiagha A, Mohammadi Zeidi B. Reliability and validity of persian version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile. J Mazand Univ Med Sci. 2012;21(1):102-13.
21. Oraki M, Mehdizadeh A, Dortaj A. The effectiveness of self-care empowerment training on life expectancy, happiness and quality of life of the elderly in iranian elderly care centers in dubai. Yektab J. 2019;14(3):320-31. [DOI]
22. Mackenbach JP, Hu Y, Looman CW. Democratization and life expectancy in Europe, 1960-2008. Soc Sci Med. 2013;93:166-75. [DOI] [PubMed]
23. Eslamiankoupaie S, Parchebafieh S, Sahebalzamani M, Madadi S. The effect of education based on Orem’s self-care model on emotional reactions in patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD). IJCN. 2018;7(3):6-11.
24. Aghakhani K, Alizadeh S, Hemmati Maslakpak M, Alinejad V, Khademvatan K. Study of the effect of self -care program model based on orem’s pattern on the quality of life in patients with heart failure. UNMF. 2018;16(1):65-72.
25. Demura S, Sato S. Relationships between depression, lifestyle and quality of life in the community dwelling elderly: A comparison between gender and age groups. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2003;22(3):159-66. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Cené CW, Haymore LB, Lin F, Laux J, Jones CD, Wu J, et al. Family member accompaniment to routine medical visits is associated with better selfcare in heart failure patients. Chronic Illn. 2015;11(1):21-32. [DOI] [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Avicenna Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Care

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb