دوره 27، شماره 6 - ( بهمن و اسفند 1398 )                   جلد 27 شماره 6 صفحات 393-381 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Amini R, Mohammadi N, Karaji F, Tapak L. Frequency of the Type of Workplace Violence Against Hamadan Medical Emergency Technicians and Its Relationship with Individual and Occupational Variables, 2018. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care 2020; 27 (6) :381-393
URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1993-fa.html
امینی رویا، محمدی ناهید، کرجی فردین، تاپاک لیلی. بررسی فراوانی نوع خشونت محل کار علیه تکنسین‌های فوریت‌های پزشکی استان همدان و ارتباط آن با متغیرهای فردی و شغلی در سال 1397. مجله مراقبت پرستاری و مامایی ابن‌سینا. 1398; 27 (6) :381-393

URL: http://nmj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1993-fa.html


1- گروه پرستاری سلامت جامعه، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی همدان، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت از بیماری های مزمن در منزل، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران.
2- دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه پرستاری سلامت جامعه، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی همدان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران. ، fardin.karaji.2@gmail.com
3- گروه آمار زیستی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران.
چکیده:   (5589 مشاهده)

مقدمه: تکنسین‌های فوریت‌های پزشکی به‌دلیل مواجهه با شرایط اورژانسی بیشتر در معرض خشونت قرار می‌گیرند. به‌دلیل تأثیرات جسمی و روانی مخرب اعمال خشونت، بررسی فراوانی نوع خشونت محل کار و عوامل مؤثر بر آن ضروری به نظر می‌رسد؛ بنابراین مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین فراوانی نوع خشونت محل کار علیه تکنسین‌های فوریت‌های پزشکی استان همدان و ارتباط آن با متغیرهای دموگرافیک انجام شد.
روش‌کار: مطالعه توصیفی-مقطعی حاضر در سال ۱۳۹۷ به بررسی ۱۳۷ تکنسین فوریت‌های پزشکی استان همدان به‌صورت تصادفی طبقه‌ای-نسبتی پرداخته است. جمع‌آوری داده‌ها نیز به کمک پرسشنامه استاندارد خشونت محل IL، WHO و ICN با روش خوداظهاری صورت گرفته است و داده‌ها پس از جمع‌آوری، با نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS نسخه ۱۶ تجزیه و تحلیل شده‌اند.
یافته‌ها: انواع خشونت‌ها شامل خشونت روانی (۷۲/۲ درصد)، خشونت فیزیکی (۶/۲۲ درصد)، آزار یا اذیت نژادی و مذهبی (۴/۵ درصد) و آزار یا اذیت جنسی (۷ درصد) بود. در ۴۸/۱ درصد از موارد خشونت، تکنسین‌ها فرد مقابل را به آرامش دعوت کرده بودند. بین وضعیت کارکردن و بروز خشونت ارتباط معنی‌داری وجود داشت (۰/۰۵>P). وضعیت تأهل، مقطع تحصیلی، وضعیت استخدام، نوع شیفت کاری، اشتغال هم‌زمان به کار دیگر، برخورد مستقیم با بیماران، مصرف دارو و ابتلا به بیماری خاص، شرکت در دوره آموزشی، تجربه بحران شخصی طی شش ماه اخیر در خانواده و سن و جنسیت بیماران ارتباطی با خشونت محل کار نداشت (۰/۰۵<P).
نتیجه گیری: شیوع خشونت علیه کارکنان به‌ویژه نوع روانی آن بالاست؛ بنابراین برنامه‌ریزان باید با شناسایی عوامل زمینه‌ای مؤثر، برای پیشگیری از خشونت‌های مذکور اقدام کنند.

متن کامل [PDF 512 kb]   (1392 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي اصیل | موضوع مقاله: پرستاری
دریافت: 1397/10/26 | پذیرش: 1397/12/20 | انتشار: 1398/1/7

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